What is full stack web development, and how do I become one?

What is full stack web development, and how do I become one?

What is full stack web development, and how do I become one?

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What is full stack web development, and how do I become one?

With Full Stack covering a range of languages, tools and frameworks, there are several options to consider. The great thing about becoming a Full Stack developer is the wealth of knowledge and skills you acquire. This brief article dives into what full stack web developers do, earning potential, and the required knowledge and course you should take if you’re looking to become a full stack developer. 

What does a full stack web developer do?

A full stack web developer is a person who can develop both client and server software – Front End and Back End

In addition to mastering HTML and CSS, he/she also knows how to:

  • Program a browser (like using JavaScript, jQuery, Angular, or Vue)
  • Program a server (like using PHP, ASP, Python, or Node)
  • Program a database (like using SQL, SQLite, or MongoDB – no sql)

As a Full Stack Web Developer, you normally have a choice between the MERN, MEAN and LAMP stack.
How to become a web developer

1. What is the MERN Stack?

According to an online article, MERN stands for MongoDB, Express, React, Node, after the four key technologies that make up the stack.

  • MongoDB – document database
  • Express(.js) – Node.js web framework
  • React(.js) – a client-side JavaScript framework
  • Node(.js) – the premier JavaScript web server

MERN is one of several variations of the MEAN stack (MongoDB Express Angular Node), where the traditional Angular.js frontend framework is replaced with React.js. Other variants include MEVN (MongoDB, Express, Vue, Node), and really any frontend JavaScript framework can work.

Thus Express and Node make up the middle (application) tier. Express.js is a server-side web framework, and Node.js the popular and powerful JavaScript server platform. Furthermore regardless of which variant you choose, ME(RVA)N is the ideal approach to working with JavaScript and JSON, all the way through. Try School of IT’s Full Stack course using the MERN Stack.

2. What is the MEAN Stack?

According to an online article, The MEAN stack is a full-stack, JavaScript-based framework for developing web applications. MEAN stands for MongoDB Express Angular Node, after the four key technologies that make up the different layers of the stack.

  • MongoDB – document database
  • Express(.js) – Node.js web framework
  • Angular(.js) – a client-side JavaScript framework
  • Node(.js) – the premier JavaScript web server

Thus there are variations to the MEAN stack such as MERN (replacing Angular.js with React.js) and MEVN (replacing Angular.js with Vue.js), but regardless of which client-side framework is your favorite. In turn MEAN is the ideal JavaScript stack, from top to bottom. Try School of IT’s Full Stack course using the MEAN Stack.

3. What is the LAMP Stack?

According to an StackOverFlow article,

All in all the LAMP stack is the foundation for Linux hosted websites is the Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP (LAMP) software stack.

LAMP Stand for :-

  1. L (Linex OS)
  2. A (Apache [Local Client Server])
  3. M (MySQL Database)
  4. P (PHP)

All in all the LAMP Stack is a set of open-source software that can be used to create websites and web applications. Furthermore LAMP is an acronym, and these stacks typically consist of the Linux operating system, the Apache HTTP Server, the MySQL relational database management system, and the PHP programming language.

How to start becoming a full stack web developer?

You can become a full stack developer by following a few simple steps, such as:
  1. Step 1: Overall learn the necessary programming languages, I.e Python is a simple language to learn and has become extremely popular for it’s simple, short syntax. HTML, CSS and Javascript is a must
  2. Step 2: Refine the knowledge – know how each part works, servers and their functions, frameworks etc.
  3. Step 3: Become familiar with all technologies but a master of one. Choose between the MERN, MEAN or Lamp stack.
  4. Step 4: Thus take a short course. – School of IT’s Full Stack course
  5. Step 5: Get practical exposure – learn through practical examples, i.e building a web application.
  6. Step 6:  Furthermore take up additional assignments – the more projects you create and do the better.

What skills do you need as full stack web developer?

According to an online article the top 10 crucial Full Stack Developer skills are:
  1. HTML/CSS. While HTML stands for Hypertext Markup LanguageCSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets.
  2. JavaScript.
  3. Git and GitHub.
  4. Backend languages such as python or java.
  5. Web architecture.
  6. Furthermore know HTTP and REST.
  7. Database storage – MongoDB or SQL.
  8. Not to mention basic design skills.
  9. NPM – NPM is the package manager explicitly designed for Node.js.
  10. Soft Skills – All in all when you want to become a Full Stack Developer, technical skills solely won’t suffice.  Thus you must possess the right balance of technical knowledge and soft skills. Every Full Stack Developer must have the following soft skills:
    • An analytical bent of mind.
    • Thus Good time management skills.
    • Curiosity for learning.
    • Attention to detail.
    • In turn have a creative vision.
    • Patience.

Frontend Developer:

  • All in all Frontend developers specialise in visual user interfaces (ui), and various layouts of a web page, the front end. Furthermore the front end normally covers client-side languages. These programming languages are html (the content), css (for the styling) and JavaScript (for the logic).

Front end developer

Backend Developer:

  • Overall A Backend developer is normally responsible for Server-side rendering (backend), databases and maintaining these. This includes querying databases for information and processing any logic that your web application requires.

Back End Developer

Full Stack Developer:

  • All in all a Full stack developer is very popular in the job market at the movement, why? Well for good reason: Full-stack developers can create sites and web applications that render both on the client-side (frontend) and the server-side (backend). Thus they have the development skills which are required to create a fully functioning website. Thus your career prospects are good.

Full stack developer

Choose School of IT’s web development course today and stand out.

How much does a full stack web developer earn?

According to PayScale, The Average full stack salary in South Africa is R303,027 per annum.

Furthermore the salary you earn is based on several factors, these include experience and years of experience as a developer or similar role.

Here’s what PayScale says the average full stack web developer ’s pay looks like over the duration of their career:

  • All in all an Entry level: R171,000 per year
  • Mid career: R267,000 per year
  • Experienced: R466,000 per year
  • Senior pay: R425,000 – R800,000+ per year

What do full stack developers earn


In South Africa and across the world full stack developers are in high demand. For example according to Salary.com, full stack salaries range from $81,482 to $107,903 in the US.

Thus the pay for a full stack web developer is significantly more than a developer who specializes in a one programming language or framework.

At School of IT, you can choose various options for your Full Stack development career outcomes.  In turn Our mentors fit into your schedule – flexible schedule, this is great for part time or full time students (you start anytime and schedule your time with your 1 on 1 mentor). Furthermore we offer practical based learning – Take a full stack web development course.

Find Your Niche And Stand Out as a Developer

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